History and types of nootropics

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By Nootropic blend stuff

You won’t like to hear this but, recent research of scientists says that the average human attention span is even shorter than the attention span of goldfish!

How’s that happened?

Well, it has fallen around the time the mobile revolution began. If something has made an impact on the human condition in the last decades it is the rise in the technology and innovations of all sorts. 

Nootropics can easily help us to counteract attention span deficit and are capable of a lot more. 

What is the history behind them, as well as what are the various types of these chemical substances?

what are nootropics?

Nootropics are a class of nutrients, neurological enhancing supplements, herbs, extracts, medicines, and nutraceuticals. Each works in varying degrees of efficiency to improve different aspects of mental function. Specific effects can include improvements to working memory, motivation, or attention.

From both ends of nootropic spectrum, we have the intense pharmaceutical cognitive enhancers, and natural brain-healthy nootropics.

We also called them smart drugs, memory enhancers, neuro enhancers, cognitive enhancers, and intelligence enhancers. 

These wide array of compounds target the brain in three main ways:

  1. Increase neurotransmitters level

  2. Increase the vasodilation or blood flow to the brain

  3. Protecting neurons from dying

These drugs are used mostly to deal with cognitive or motor function problems attributable to disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s illness, Parkinson’s disease, and ADHD. Some scientists, nevertheless, report more prevalent usage in spite of the issues for further research. While clinical research studies support the beneficial impacts of some compounds, manufacturer’s marketing claims for dietary supplements are typically not formally tested and validated by independent entities.

In the academic community, nootropics have been utilized to increase productivity, despite their long-term effects that do not have conclusive research study in healthy individuals. Using prescription stimulants is especially common among students attending academically competitive colleges. Surveys suggest that 0.7-4.5% of German students have actually used cognitive enhancers in their lifetime.

Stimulants such as dimethylamylamine and methylphenidate are utilized on college campuses and by more youthful groups.

Based on research studies of self-reported illicit stimulant use, 5-35% of college students utilize diverted ADHD stimulants, which are primarily used for efficiency enhancement instead of as leisure drugs.

A number of factors favorably and adversely affect making use of drugs to increase cognitive performance. Among them are personal characteristics, drug qualities, and characteristics of the social context.

The requirement for these items is more noteworthy in recent years and the market is pushing the nootropic industry toward mainstream culture and households.

  • Nootropics are part of $1 trillion dollar drug industry

  • The US share of the above is 44.5%

  • The projected global spending on drug is estimated to be $1.4 trillion by 2200

  • The growth is expected to be 10% per annum.

why people use nootropics?

In a world that favors efficiency and success, people from all walks of life are under pressure to stay productive and efficient. Furthermore, social networks and forums are full of questions that people ask about solutions to the universal problems of memory loss, mental fatigue, anxiety, sleep deprivation, stress etc.

  • New to nootropics and looking for a healthier alternative to alcohol to be confident and relaxed and less anxious at parties, best suggestions? 

  • Hi, I’m going to take important exams this June. What noot should I take for study? I need to be focus and stop procrastinating =((.Thanks a lot

  • Most relaxing supplements to take? Preferably relaxing without being sleep-inducing. I have so much stress in my life and I want to be able to handle it without getting burnt all the time.

  • Any athlete here that uses nootropics for peak performance? What do you use, at what dosages, when, and so on?

  • Hey all, is there a nootropic/natural herb to compensate with the short term memory decrease induced by Noopept? Thanks

  • Hi, are there any nootropics that help with memory? I vape weed daily and also take an SSRI. Noticing some memory loss.

  • Best natural stimulants that could be used for studying?? Looking to get away from using dex, modafinil, due to side effects and poor sleep.

  • Best nootropics for executive control?

  • What’s THE BEST supplement stack or pre-mixed product for getting better SLEEP in the long term?

That are the testimonials of real people on the internet, and some of the reasons why people generally use nootropics.

 If you are trying hard to keep attention, having difficulty with decrease in memory, stress management, or sleep disorders, chances are that you are struggling with a fearful enemy you cannot easily escape. 

Check for these conditions to quickly qualify yourself for using nootropics. 

It just boils to the very same.

  • poor memory
  • verbal fluency
  • learning ability
  • attention deficit
  • depressive mood
  • mental fatigue
  • lack of motivation and energy
  • self confidence issue
  • creativity purpose

If that’s so, Nootropics may very well be for you!

Go to your medical professional or find a good neurologist first, as well as inform yourself. You cannot escape responsibility as it is your own health and your own risk at the same time.

The good news is that the responsible use of nootropics gave results to many people’s lives.

Although magic pills exist only in the movies, neuro-enhancing substances can be incredibly effective. They block out distractions and increase productivity with few side effects, if any. Students are their greatest supporters but many people as well realize that nootropics are far more useful than risky.

Even for regular caffeine consumers, and some heavy ones, recent studies show coffee does far more than help you focus and improve your mood. 

While caffeine’s short-term benefits are obvious, lifelong coffee drinkers are less likely to have Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, and Parkinson’s diseases. In addition, if you consume caffeine in the morning, it can help maintain circadian rhythms, keeping your body’s 24-hour internal clock consistent. 

No matter what class of nootropics you use, the bottom line is t hat you will have to make a healthier lifestyle despite only using nutrients with daily meals.

With only three things on your mind, you can maximize the efficiency of supplements.

You will need to exercise, sleep better, and eat healthier.

Healthy habits of users and non-users of dietary supplements among U.S. adults in 2017

The statistic indicates the healthy habits of users and non-users of dietary supplements among U.S. adults. This statistic is based on a survey conducted in August 2017. According to the survey, 59 percent of those who did not take supplements exercised regularly, while the percentage stood at 69 percent among supplement-users. The nutritional supplement industry has seen a large growth in the market, especially in protein supplements and vitamins.

Statista research
Source: Statista

History of nootropics

Humankind’s have been taking herbs and various substances for the sake of healing, to alter the mindset and linking to spirituality since the beginning of humanity. While there are natural nootropics believed to have their beginnings prior to recorded human civilization.

The earliest records of nootropic usage have been dated from traditional Chinese herbalism, Ancient Egypt and Greece. Our ancestors collected the plants from their environment and utilizing them in traditional mind-altering practices.

From that era remains coca leaves, chewed&brewed by South Americans for energy & alertness.

Kava drinks for mood & socialization may be one of the secrets behind the laid-back Pacific islands lifestyle. 

Beloved native Americans were likely to have used peyote since at least five-and-a-half thousand years ago. Peyote serves primarily as an amplifier of emotions aroused by the ceremonies of religious and communal elements. 

Ayurveda the ancient science of life is a comprehensive system of health care that also has its nootropics (Medhya rasayana) that include Bacopa Monnieri, AshwagandhaCelastrus paniculatus (an intellectual herb) and many others.

Some other herbs & substances that are well known from the ancient times:

  • Carmellia sinensis (green tea)
  • Rhodiola
  • Eleuthero
  • Ginseng
  • Lion’s Mane
  • Cat's Claw

Nowadays, dozens of botanicals from ancient times may be considered as nootropic herbs for advanced brain function. Also, the extraction methods brought by the modern era of neurotechnology can boost plant potential and efficiency.

Term ''Nootropic''

It all comes to modern term ”nootropic” with the discovery of one synthetic compound.

To be technically precise, the concept of ”nootropics” marked the true start in the 1960’s. The first nootropic compound, known as Piracetam, was synthesized by Belgian pharmacologists S.Giurgea and V. Scondia in 1963. 

Later, in 1972, dr. Giurgea has coined the term ”nootropic” to describe substances that improve cognitive functioning. He determined nootropic classification to refer to cognitive stimulants with extremely low toxicity that can be taken for long-term use. 

By his definition, nootropics are safe and well-tolerated substances that are suitable for healthy individuals to take.

According to Dr. Giurgea, nootropic should do the following things:

  • Enhance memory and learning
  • Improve the way the brain works under disruptive conditions
  • Protect the brain against physical or chemical injuries
  • Improve cortical/subcortical neuronal control mechanisms
  • Possess few/no side effects and have extremely-low-to-no toxicity

How safe are nootropics?

After many decades from the discovery of an original family of nootropics, the racetams, today we have documented system of nootropic effects. It is based not only on the scientific research and human studies, but also on anecdotal stories of normal folks that use them for years.

Although we can say there is no known risk of long-term addiction to nootropics, you should not self-medicate yourself with either herbal supplement or research chemicals. 

Nootropic use has been discussed in the literature as either treatment or enhancement, although a clear delineation between the two has not been drawn.

The third use of nootropics refers to a category that crosses boundaries of neither pure enhancement nor treatment. It is the enhancement of those persons who have baseline cognitive impairments related to mental impairments but are relatively healthy otherwise. That way the users can be morally justified to improve their functionality in major life activities and enhance the quality of life

In each of this cases it is always advised consulting a health professional or legal representative for doing tests before taking part in healthy culture of responsible nootropics use.

How to define Nootropics?

The definition of ”nootropic” has changed over time. Once only referred to a very specific kind of drugs that helps you perform better cognitively, it is now used to describe any cognition-enhancing substances. Today pretty much any nutrient that is beneficial for boosting the brain power is considered to be the nootropic.

According to Merriam-Webster, the word ”nootropic” is defined as ”a substance that enhances cognition and memory and facilitates learning.” But there is no mention of side effects and neurotoxicity in that definition. By the original definition of dr. Giurgea, these substances wouldn’t have been considering to be nootropics.

Many of the substances we consider to be nootropics do in fact have potentially serious side-effects.

Take for example Adderall, or Modafinil, a real smart drugs that are still favorable among students and high achievers. Though they certainly meet several criteria for being a nootropic, it doesn’t meet them all. Many people in the nootropic community consider them a powerful cognitive booster. It’s because of the ability to boost mood, focus, motivation, energy. But they come with a whole list of potential side-effects including anxiety, insomnia, nausea, twitching, even amphetamine psychosis.

Also, it is the element of addictiveness in this stimulants that over time of habitual use develop a tolerance to the drug and are unable to function normally without it.

So, normally, there is no need for that to happen if you have a healthy culture of nootropic use.

Smart drugs vS. Nootropics

As you know by now, there is quite a blurry line between the two.

The terms ”smart drugs” and ”nootropic” are sometimes used interchangeably. Some people distinguish the two, but the vast majority of people use both terms to mean the same thing. 

Any substance that improves cognitive performance.

There is a clear distinction, though…

The compound is considered to be ‘nootropic’ only if it improves cognition and neuroprotection and doesn’t pose the threat of neurotoxicity when used appropriately.

As opposed to smart drugs, that are often used illegally or sometimes prescribed by a medical professional to address various health issues concerning lack of energy or focus. Choosing to take smart drugs is not an effective or long-term solution. They are not healthy for your heart or your liver, as they are based on an amphetamine structure used in ADHD medications.

To add to a confusion a bit more, there are legal vs. regulated nootropic issues. Depending on what country you live in. This is especially true with synthetic nootropics, some of which could easily be regarded as pharmaceuticals. Also, some nootropics were banned by athletic bodies, and some exotic herbs, and mushrooms muddying the waters even more.

Most nootropics are available online or brick & mortar stores without a prescription in countries like the United States. Though in some parts of the world they are prescription drugs.

Benefits of nootropics

Except for this classification, the nootropics can be grouped for the specific effects they offer.

The emphasis of effects remains on boosting the brain-power for conditions like memory, concentration, focus, attention, mood, motivation, etc. Around fifty to seventy well-researched nootropics care for that. And the list goes on but more research study needs to be made. At least several hundred compounds have potential cognitive benefits.

Premium premade stack are great way to unleash several of this effects at once.

The majority of people are at first attracted to nootropics for their memory improving effects.  Nootropics are considered to have the ability to enhance all features connected to memory including new memory development, short-term working memory as well as long-term recall.

You can improve the capacity of your mind in 3 approaches to develop new memory links: by elevating acetylcholine levels as well as performance, by raising glutamate levels and efficiency, as well as by increasing blood and oxygen circulation to the brain.

Nootropics have in fact been analyzed extensively throughout the years with numerous of them showing cognitive boosting properties in cognitiviely impaired individuals and oftentimes in healthy and balanced grownups as well.

The nootropics in the racetam family members are one of the most well-known for their memory  boosting effects. Especially at increasing acetylcholine receptors as is Noopept. However there are lots of others that are effective as well. You could intend to include a choline supplement like Alpha GPC, Citicoline, so forth to additional increase levels of acetylcholine in the brain. Stacking various different supplements together will help you achieve these outcomes.

Nootropics are fantastic at increasing one’s level of attention as well as focus. Typically, a person with a low attention span can be incredibly smart, however if their level of attention and focus is low, they will not be able to reach the max potential their cognition could allow.  When you experience brain fog, have a short attention span as well as have trouble continuing to be sharp after an hour or 2 of examining or working, nootropic supplements may be able to help you.

This is an additional problem I struggled with in my work; I procrastinated greatly until I discovered nootropics. Then, with the help of an excellent nootropic stack, I suddenly was able to focus on task at hand. Instantly, my level of intelligence expanded significantly since I was in fact using all my capacities. Rather than messing around with 10 lower, unimportant or ineffective activities, I was able to focus on a handful at once, one by one.

Having the ability to focus is enormously important to being smart as well as using the most of your cognitive capacity. Some individuals make use of “smart drugs” to raise cognitive power and also get them focused on one job each time. But these drugs have some undesirable side effects. Numerous nootropics such as the racetams, modafinil, adrafinil, etc will certainly assist you increase your attention and inspiration.

Being in a bad mood or depressed state has an extremely negative impact on one’s cognition. Put simply, similar to anxiety or an absence of attention can cause a person to waste their minds potential, so can a lack of drive or motivation. Maintaining a good mood is very important, as well as often is not just a matter of mindset or self-discipline.

While someone with major depression needs to turn to medical help, if you have a lack of happy moods or rather minor depression, these nootropic supplements could significantly assist you. They have actually worked wonders in raising my ability to have a positive outlook on life. Having a positive expectation will give you the drive you need to dig into what needs to be done, and also use your brain to its max potential.

You could likewise create your mood as well as potentially restrain anxiety by enhancing the levels of dopamine and also serotonin in your brain. These neurotransmitters are recognized to create sensations of wellness, joy, delight as well as bliss. Many nootropics such as Aniracetam, Noopept, Phenibut, Modafinil and also Adrafinil all can be outstanding alternatives for decreasing stress and anxiety signs and symptoms and also could assist enhance your state of mind.

Ah, long life. These are nootropics that increase your general level of health and also well-being. They promote maximum levels of efficiency in your body. These nootropics are even believed by some to prolong one’s lifespan and cognitive capacity before a decrease can set in. Tremendously important, these nootropics should be in every person’s stack. At the minimum, multivitamins and fish oil should be included daily.

Stress and anxiety can be an extremely turbulent part of one’s cognition. Regardless of how intelligent an individual could be, anxiety can overcome and dumbfound one’s level of thinking in the worst possible times. Intelligence is not limited to mere studying and learning in an exclusive area by oneself.  Rather, some of the most important knowledge must be gained by utilizing our most important discovering tool and that is, our peers and people around us. Stress and anxiety can dampen this by stopping us from using such tools. Because of this, as I have anxiousness, I usually suggest supplementing and countering this negative aspect with nootropic supplements. Below are some fantastic examples and also all work effectively for stress and anxiety with low side effects in addition to basic cognition boosts.

Sleep is another essential component of improving your cognition to the max! In my opinion this is the area where most people lack the most. The good news is, there are many nootropic supplements that are great to take at night to improve your sleep and recovery as well as enhance your cognition. Rest is necessary because that is when most of your neurogenesis takes place, i.e., brain development and recovery. Your connections are strengthened and reinforce while your body repairs itself. As a result, sleep is crucial.

Conclusion

In conclusion, to not give the goldfish from the beginning of the story the attention span advantage…

Let’s be real about the advantages of nootropics on human condition.

Do you want to have:

  • better memory

  • clearer reasoning

  • comfort anxiety

  • more energy

  • just feel better

The fact is that modern science has made nootropics better than ever in the history, due to major innovations in concentrated extracts, bio-compound synthesis, standardized forms, research-backed stacks. And that’s only the start of modern nootropic supplement era.

And it’s not that we have reinvented the wheel of nootropics. It’s just that we gave him a new look.

Nootropic is still the same mind&body enhancers that helped our ancestors to leap forward in cognitive capacities.

To live healthy lifestyle, lots of people will lean on nootropics and made them an integral part of daily routine, but that doesn’t mean you can’t make without them. 

The remarkable results can be done with only three things on mind.

  • do we sleep well?

  • do we meditate or exercise enough?

  • do we maintain a clean diet?

Because every individual is unique, nootropics won’t work for all in the same way. 

It’s not a miracle pill that will solve all of your problems or conditions you might have. It’s a great tool to improve mental health and everyday mood.

Individuals who are looking to give their brain a smart advantage simply use them. 

By now you should have learned what are nootropics and you’ll give a try next and why?

Pick up nootropics that best reflect your goal

Read our next article to get you started

Stacking nootropics

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